The city of Mecca is located about 600 miles south of Medina, about 200 km northeast of the city of Jeddah. The city is a narrow valley surrounded by mountains with building the Kaaba as the central 21 ° 25'24 "N 39 ° 49'24" E. Thus, in ancient times the city is prone to flooding when the rainy season before the Saudi Arabian government to improve this city and renovate this city. Like most cities in the region of Saudi Arabia, the city is temperate desert.
The Holy City of Makkah, which lies inland 73 kilometers east of Jiddah, is the place where the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, was born - the place where God's message was first revealed to him and the city to which he returned after the migration to Madinah in 622 AD.
Makkah is the holiest city on earth to Muslims. Five times each day, the world's one billion Muslims, wherever they may be, turn to the Holy City of Makkah to pray. And at least once in their lives, all Muslims who are not prevented by personal circumstance perform the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah. Thus each year the Holy City of Makkah is host to some two million hajjis (pilgrims) from all over the world.
The Holy City is served by the seaport and international airport of Jiddah.
Below you can see a selection of pictures from the Holy City of Makkah.
Mecca (Makkah) stands almost 300 metres above sea level and approximately 45 miles (70 kilometres) east of the Red Sea. Mecca (Makkah) has a resident population of 650,000 which more than triples during the annual Hajj. Non-Muslims have been forbidden entry to the city since 630CE when Mohammad made Mecca (Makkah) the centre of the Muslim faith.
In a city where the inhabitants centre their lives around the spiritual thrust of the city, Mecca (Makkah) is a place of pilgrimage devoted to God where the five prayers pace every day.